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Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2020 Mar 1;318(3):L562-L569. doi: 10.1152/ajplung.00389.2019. Epub 2020 Feb 5.

Platelet glycolytic metabolism correlates with hemodynamic severity in pulmonary arterial hypertension.

Author information

1
Department of Inflammation and Immunity, Lerner Research Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio.
2
Department of Pulmonary, Allergy, and Critical Care Medicine, Respiratory Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio.

Abstract

Group 1 pulmonary hypertension (PH), i.e., pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), is associated with a metabolic shift favoring glycolysis in cells comprising the lung vasculature as well as skeletal muscle and right heart. We sought to determine whether this metabolic switch is also detectable in circulating platelets from PAH patients. We used Seahorse Extracellular Flux to measure bioenergetics in platelets isolated from group 1 PH (PAH), group 2 PH, patients with dyspnea and normal pulmonary artery pressures, and healthy controls. We show that platelets from group 1 PH patients exhibit enhanced basal glycolysis and lower glycolytic reserve compared with platelets from healthy controls but do not differ from platelets of group 2 PH or dyspnea patients without PH. Although we were unable to identify a glycolytic phenotype unique to platelets from PAH patients, we found that platelet glycolytic metabolism correlated with hemodynamic severity only in group 1 PH patients, supporting the known link between PAH pathology and altered glycolytic metabolism and extending this association to ex vivo platelets. Pulmonary artery pressure and pulmonary vascular resistance in patients with group 1 PH were directly associated with basal platelet glycolysis and inversely associated with maximal and reserve glycolysis, suggesting that PAH progression reduces the capacity for glycolysis even while demanding an increase in glycolytic metabolism. Therefore, platelets may provide an easy-to-harvest, real-time window into the metabolic shift occurring in the lung vasculature and represent a useful surrogate for interrogating the glycolytic shift central to PAH pathology.

KEYWORDS:

bioenergetics; glycolysis; metabolism; platelets; pulmonary arterial hypertension

PMID:
32022593
DOI:
10.1152/ajplung.00389.2019

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