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Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2020 Feb 3. doi: 10.1007/s00167-020-05856-2. [Epub ahead of print]

The inclination of the femoral medial posterior condyle was almost vertical and that of the lateral was tilted medially.

Author information

1
Division of Orthopedic Surgery, Department of Regenerative and Transplant Medicine, Niigata University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Science, 1-757 Asahimachi-dori Chuo-ku, Niigata, Niigata, 951-8510, Japan.
2
Division of Orthopedic Surgery, Department of Regenerative and Transplant Medicine, Niigata University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Science, 1-757 Asahimachi-dori Chuo-ku, Niigata, Niigata, 951-8510, Japan. tanifuji@med.niigata-u.ac.jp.
3
Department of Health Sciences, Niigata University School of Medicine, Niigata, Japan.
4
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Niigata Medical Center, Niigata, Japan.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

The purpose of this study was to three-dimensionally analyse the size and shape of the femoral posterior condyles of the normal knee.

METHODS:

A total of 62 healthy Japanese volunteers (37 males and 25 females) providing a sample of 124 normal knee joints, who had no knee-related symptoms and no history of major trauma, underwent computed tomography scans of the bilateral femur and tibia. Three-dimensional digital models of the femur were constructed from computed tomography data using visualisation and modelling software. The following parameters were evaluated: (1) the radii of the posterior condyles approximated to spheres and (2) the inclination angle of the posterior condyles in the coronal plane of the femoral coordinate system.

RESULTS:

The radii of the medial and lateral condyles approximated to spheres were 17.0 ± 1.6 and 17.1 ± 1.8 mm, respectively and were not different. The inclination angles of the medial and lateral condyles in the coronal plane were - 0.6° ± 4.6° and 9.7° ± 5.7°, respectively. The medial condyle was almost vertical, whereas the lateral one was medially tilted.

CONCLUSIONS:

This study found an asymmetrical inclination between medial and lateral condyles. This may be related to the asymmetrical motion of the knee, which is known as medial pivot motion. This finding provides valuable morphological information and may be useful for implant designs for total knee arthroplasty.

LEVEL OF EVIDENCE:

IV.

KEYWORDS:

Computed tomography; Femur; Knee; Three–dimensional; Total knee arthroplasty

PMID:
32016580
DOI:
10.1007/s00167-020-05856-2

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