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Urol Ann. 2020 Jan-Mar;12(1):63-68. doi: 10.4103/UA.UA_118_18. Epub 2020 Jan 13.

Assessment of posterior urethra in benign prostatic hyperplasia and after its surgery.

Author information

1
Department of Surgery, University College of Medical Sciences & GTB Hospital, Dilshad Garden, Rohini, New Delhi, India.
2
Department of Surgery, Dr. Baba Saheb Ambedkar Medical College & Hospital, Rohini, New Delhi, India.

Abstract

Introduction:

Surgical management of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) primarily consists of transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP). Due to BPH and after surgical intervention, anatomic variations in the posterior urethra are expected. Due to the paucity of information regarding posterior urethral anatomic variations in these conditions and its aftermath, this study was undertaken to evaluate the anatomic variations in the posterior urethra after TURP.

Materials and Methods:

This prospective observational study was conducted over 2 years at the Department of Surgery and Radiodiagnosis, University College of Medical Sciences, Delhi. All consenting patients undergoing TURP for BPH were included in the study. We assessed the posterior urethral changes in BPH before and 3 months after the procedure. Diagnostic modalities used were urethrocystoscopy, micturating cystourethrogram, and retrograde urethrogram. Furthermore, the prostate volume and postvoid residual volume of urine were compared before and after its surgery using ultrasonography. Urodynamic studies were used to calculate total voided volume (TVV), peak flow rate (PFR), voiding time (VT), and hesitancy.

Results:

Mean age of the patients was 68.12 ± 7.83 years. Lengthening in posterior urethra was seen in BPH patients with a mean of 4.24 ± 1.012 cm. Postprocedure, there was a mean reduction of 2.6 ± 1.225 cm in length of the posterior urethra (P < 0.0001). Prostatic urethral angle was increased in patients suffering from BPH, and it decreased after undergoing surgical management (P < 0.679). All patients enrolled in our study had prostatic lobes enlargement, and after surgery, this enlargement was reduced in most of the patients with 21 having no prostatic enlargement, and in four patients, bilateral lateral lobe was not completely reduced (P = 1.000). Stricture in prostatic urethra was observed in 2 out of 25 (8%) patients operated for BPH. Evaluation of various parameters of urodynamic studies revealed the net improvement in the TVV of 157.746 ± 120.999 ml, as before the procedure, this value was 176.715 ± 72.272 ml, and after surgery, it was 334.46 ± 78.588 ml (P < 0.001). VT taken by patients before surgery was 57.377 ± 16.858 s, and postprocedure, this value was 33.31 ± 8.807 s. This net reduction of 24.069 ± 14.88 s was statistically significant (P < 0.0001). PFR before the procedure was 6.177 ± 3.5067, and postprocedure, this value was 26.43 ± 7.112 ml/s with a net improvement of 20.253 ± 9.226 ml/s (P < 0.0001). Hesitancy in BPH patients before the procedure was 23.908 ± 15.521 s. Postprocedure, hesitancy decreased to a value of 6.79 ± 4.435 s with a net reduction of mean 17.115 ± 15.817 s (P < 0.002).

Conclusion:

By our findings, we conclude that BPH is associated with anatomic variations in posterior urethra such as lengthening of the length of the posterior urethra and increased posterior urethral elevation, which is measured by an increase in posterior urethral angle (PUA). Whereas post-TURP, there is a shortening of posterior urethra, decrease in PUA, decrease in prostatic volume, postvoid residual urine volume, and improvement in uroflowmetric parameters.

KEYWORDS:

Anatomic variations; benign prostatic hyperplasia; posterior urethra; transurethral resection of the prostate

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