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Urol Ann. 2020 Jan-Mar;12(1):4-8. doi: 10.4103/UA.UA_50_19. Epub 2019 Nov 7.

Approach to a woman with urinary incontinence.

Author information

1
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, College of Medicine and JNM Hospital, WBUHS, Kalyani, Nadia, West Bengal, India.
2
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Katihar Medical College, Katihar, Bihar, India.

Abstract

Urinary incontinence is a bothersome situation to the ailing woman. Many times, the woman does not come to medicos due to shyness, and if she comes also she does not reveal all the information. Hence, a sympathetic and structured approach will help to provide judicious management to these women. When a woman with the complaint of urinary incontinence approaches us, we should collect maximum information with the help of structured questionnaire and protocol. Structured questionnaire provides most of the information pertinent to the urinary incontinence. Associated medical disorders are also looked for. Past obstetrical performance can have implication on this ailment. Pelvic organ prolapse, mass lower abdominal, etc., also can lead to urinary incontinence. Adverse effect of some medicines causes urinary incontinence. During general physical examination, attention has to be paid toward body mass index, joint hypermobility, spine, etc. During local examination, stress test, Bonney test, Q-tip test, etc., may help to some extent. The levator ani muscle is assessed of its strength. Neurological evaluation is to be done for all the patients with urinary incontinence. Urinary culture and sensitivity are routinely done. Once urinary infection is ruled out, then the woman is subjected to frequency/volume diary, ultrasonography, urodynamic study, cystoscopy, etc., depending on the necessity. A systematic approach to urinary incontinence will provide the best comfort to these ailing women.

KEYWORDS:

Examination; levator ani; neurological; pelvic organ prolapse; questionnaire

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