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Indian J Med Microbiol. 2019 Jul-Sep;37(3):430-432. doi: 10.4103/ijmm.IJMM_19_367.

Melioidosis in Odisha: A clinico-microbiological and epidemiological description of culture-confirmed cases over a 2-year period.

Author information

1
Department of Microbiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India.
2
Department of Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India.
3
Department of Surgery, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India.
4
Department of Pulmonary Medicine and Critical Care, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India.
5
Department of ENT, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India.
6
Department of Pediatrics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India.

Abstract

Melioidosis is an emerging infectious disease in India mostly reported from South-western coastal Karnataka and North-eastern Tamil Nadu. We speculate the existence of another major hidden focus in Odisha, one of the eastern coastal states. The clinico-epidemiological features of 47 culture-confirmed melioidosis at a tertiary care teaching hospital over a period of 2 years are reported. Septicaemia was the most common clinical presentation. Diabetes mellitus (DM) was present in 72.3% of our cases. The geo-climatic conditions of Odisha and other coastal states of India and the rise in the incidence of DM demand a nationwide surveillance of melioidosis and creation of melioidosis registry.

KEYWORDS:

Burkholderia pseudomallei; Odisha; melioidosis

PMID:
32003346
DOI:
10.4103/ijmm.IJMM_19_367
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