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Arch Soc Esp Oftalmol. 2020 Mar;95(3):146-149. doi: 10.1016/j.oftal.2019.11.011. Epub 2020 Jan 21.

Use of ganglion cell layer analysis for diagnosing anti-glycoprotein neuromyelitis optica of oligodendrocyte myelin.

[Article in English, Spanish]

Author information

1
Departamento de Oftalmología, Hospital Universitario Marqués de Valdecilla, Universidad de Cantabria, Instituto de Investigación Marqués de Valdecilla (IDIVAL), Santander, España.
2
Departamento de Neurología, Hospital Universitario Marqués de Valdecilla, Universidad de Cantabria, Instituto de Investigación Marqués de Valdecilla (IDIVAL), Santander, España.
3
Departamento de Oftalmología, Hospital Universitario Marqués de Valdecilla, Universidad de Cantabria, Instituto de Investigación Marqués de Valdecilla (IDIVAL), Santander, España. Electronic address: casadorojo@hotmail.es.

Abstract

The case concerns a 26-year-old patient with bilateral recurrent optic neuritis episodes in the context of suspected neuromyelitis optica. In the first outbreak, she had greatly impaired visual acuity of the left eye, as well as seeing ganglion cell layer damage in both eyes in the optic coherence tomography, with evidence of a possible extensive lesion in the optic chiasma. Likewise, MRI with contrast showed a great involvement of the left optic nerve that compromises the chiasma increasing the suspicion of a neuromyelitis origin. Althogh the anti-myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG) and anti-AQP4 (aquaporin-4) antibodies were negative at first, bilateral involvement of the ganglion cells suggested an extensive lesion that is more characteristic of seropositive anti-MOG neuromyelitis.

KEYWORDS:

Anti-myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein antibodies; Anticuerpos anti-glucoproteína de la mielina del oligodendrocito; Células ganglionares; Ganglion cells; Neuromielitis óptica; Neuromyelitis optica

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