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Eur J Biochem. 1988 Nov 15;177(3):649-55.

Primary structure of chicken skeletal muscle and fibroblast alpha-actinins deduced from cDNA sequences.

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Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan.


The complete 897-amino-acid sequence of chicken skeletal muscle alpha-actinin and the 856-amino-acid sequence (97% of the entire sequence) of chicken fibroblast alpha-actinin have been determined by cloning and sequencing the cDNAs. Genomic Southern analysis with the cDNA sequences shows that skeletal and fibroblast alpha-actinins are encoded by separate single-copy genes. RNA blot analyzes show that the skeletal alpha-actinin gene is expressed in the pectoralis muscle and that the fibroblast gene is expressed in the gizzard smooth muscle as well as in the fibroblast. The deduced skeletal alpha-actinin molecule has a calculated Mr of 104 x 10(3), and each alpha-actinin can be divided into three domains: (1) the NH2-terminal highly conserved actin-binding domain, which shows similarity to the product of the Duchenne's muscular dystrophy locus; (2) the middle rod-shaped dimer-forming domain, which contains the spectrin-type repeat units; and (3) the COOH-terminal two EF-hand consensus regions. Comparison of the skeletal alpha-actinin sequence with the fibroblast and smooth muscle alpha-actinin sequences demonstrated that the EF-hand structure was conserved in all of these alpha-actinin sequences, despite the reported variability of the Ca2+ sensitivities of the actin-gelation by various alpha-actinin isoforms.

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