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Int J Cancer. 2020 Jan 19. doi: 10.1002/ijc.32874. [Epub ahead of print]

FGF13 promotes metastasis of triple-negative breast cancer.

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Cancer Research Division, Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, Victorian Comprehensive Cancer Centre, Parkville, VIC, Australia.
Sir Peter MacCallum Department of Oncology, University of Melbourne, Parkville, VIC, Australia.
Department of Clinical Pathology, University of Melbourne, Parkville, VIC, Australia.
Olivia Newton-John Cancer Research Institute, Heidelberg, VIC, Australia.
School of Cancer Medicine, La Trobe University, Bundoora, VIC, Australia.
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Monash University, Clayton, VIC, Australia.
Biomedicine Discovery Institute, Monash University, Clayton, VIC, Australia.
Monash Bioinformatics Platform, Monash University, Clayton, VIC, Australia.
LIMS Bioimaging Facility, La Trobe Institute for Molecular Science, La Trobe University, Bundoora, VIC, Australia.


Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) represents 10-20% of all human ductal adenocarcinomas and has a poor prognosis relative to other subtypes, due to the high propensity to develop distant metastases. Hence, new molecular targets for therapeutic intervention are needed for TNBC. We recently conducted a rigorous phenotypic and genomic characterization of four isogenic populations of MDA-MB-231 human triple-negative breast cancer cells that possess a range of intrinsic spontaneous metastatic capacities in vivo, ranging from nonmetastatic (MDA-MB-231_ATCC) to highly metastatic to lung, liver, spleen and spine (MDA-MB-231_HM). Gene expression profiling of primary tumours by RNA-Seq identified the fibroblast growth factor homologous factor, FGF13, as highly upregulated in aggressively metastatic MDA-MB-231_HM tumours. Clinically, higher FGF13 mRNA expression was associated with significantly worse relapse free survival in both luminal A and basal-like human breast cancers but was not associated with other clinical variables and was not upregulated in primary tumours relative to normal mammary gland. Stable FGF13 depletion restricted in vitro colony forming ability in MDA-MB-231_HM TNBC cells but not in oestrogen receptor (ER)-positive MCF-7 or MDA-MB-361 cells. However, despite augmenting MDA-MB-231_HM cell migration and invasion in vitro, FGF13 suppression almost completely blocked the spontaneous metastasis of MDA-MB-231_HM orthotopic xenografts to both lung and liver while having negligible impact on primary tumour growth. Together, these data indicate that FGF13 may represent a therapeutic target for blocking metastatic outgrowth of certain TNBCs. Further evaluation of the roles of individual FGF13 protein isoforms in progression of the different subtypes of breast cancer is warranted.


FGF13; metastasis; mouse model; triple-negative breast cancer; xenograft


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