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J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs. 2020 Jan 14. pii: S0884-2175(19)30500-3. doi: 10.1016/j.jogn.2019.12.002. [Epub ahead of print]

Perceptions and Behaviors Related to Contraceptive Use in the Postpartum Period Among Women With Pregestational Diabetes Mellitus.



To describe perceptions and behaviors related to contraception and preconception care and to test the association between these perceptions and contraceptive use in the postpartum period among women with pregestational diabetes mellitus.


Cross-sectional, descriptive survey.


Three high-risk obstetric clinics in the Southeastern United States.


Fifty-five women who were 18 years or older with pregestational Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes mellitus.


Between 4 and 8 weeks after birth, we used investigator-developed items and psychometrically validated scales to measure participants' perceptions and behaviors related to contraception and preconception care. We dichotomized use of contraception in the postpartum period as procedure/prescription or nonprescription/no method. We used multiple logistic regression to test the hypothesis that perceptions are associated with contraceptive use.


When data were collected 4 to 8 weeks after birth, almost half (49%, n = 27) of the participants had resumed sexual activity; however, most (95%, n = 52) did not want another pregnancy in the next 18 months. Fifty-six percent (n = 31) of participants used procedure/prescription contraception, and 44% (n = 24) used nonprescription/no method. Those who perceived contraception use and preconception care to be beneficial were more likely to use procedure/prescription contraception (adjusted odds ratio = 1.52; 95% confidence interval [1.07, 2.17]).


When caring for women in the postpartum period, providers should be mindful that women's perceptions of the benefits of contraception and preconception care may have implications for whether their use aligns with their reproductive goals and optimizes outcomes for future pregnancies.


contraception; diabetes mellitus; postpartum period; preconception care


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