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Circ Arrhythm Electrophysiol. 2020 Feb;13(2):e007586. doi: 10.1161/CIRCEP.119.007586. Epub 2020 Jan 15.

Association of Left Atrial High-Resolution Late Gadolinium Enhancement on Cardiac Magnetic Resonance With Electrogram Abnormalities Beyond Voltage in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation.

Author information

1
Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taiwan (L.K.).
2
Department of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University School of Medicine, Taipei, Taiwan (L.K.).
3
Electrophysiology Section, Cardiovascular Division, Department of Medicine (L.K., E.Z., D.F., P.S., J.A., F.E.M., S.N.), Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia.
4
Cardiovascular Division, Department of Medicine (Y.H.), Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia.
5
Cardiovascular Imaging Section, Department of Radiology (B.D), Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Conflicting data have been reported on the association of left atrial (LA) late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) with atrial voltage in patients with atrial fibrillation. The association of LGE with electrogram fractionation and delay remains to be examined. We sought to examine the association between LA LGE on cardiac magnetic resonance and electrogram abnormalities in patients with atrial fibrillation.

METHODS:

High-resolution LGE cardiac magnetic resonance was performed before electrogram mapping and ablation in atrial fibrillation patients. Cardiac magnetic resonance features were quantified using LA myocardial signal intensity Z score (SI-Z), a continuous normalized variable, as well as a dichotomous LGE variable based on previously validated methodology. Electrogram mapping was performed pre-ablation during sinus rhythm or LA pacing, and electrogram locations were coregistered with cardiac magnetic resonance images. Analyses were performed using multilevel patient-clustered mixed-effects regression models.

RESULTS:

In the 40 patients with atrial fibrillation (age, 63.2±9.2 years; 1312.3±767.3 electrogram points per patient), lower bipolar voltage was associated with higher SI-Z in patients who had undergone previous ablation (coefficient, -0.049; P<0.001) but not in ablation-naive patients (coefficient, -0.004; P=0.7). LA electrogram activation delay was associated with SI-Z in patients with previous ablation (SI-Z: coefficient, 0.004; P<0.001 and LGE: coefficient, 0.04; P<0.001) but not in ablation-naive patients. In contrast, increased LA electrogram fractionation was associated with SI-Z (coefficient, 0.012; P=0.03) and LGE (coefficient, 0.035; P<0.001) only in ablation-naive patients.

CONCLUSIONS:

The association of LA LGE with voltage is modified by ablation. Importantly, in ablation-naive patients, atrial LGE is associated with electrogram fractionation even in the absence of voltage abnormalities.

KEYWORDS:

atrial fibrillation; heart atria; humans; magnetic resonance imaging; myocardium

PMID:
31940244
PMCID:
PMC7031051
[Available on 2021-02-01]
DOI:
10.1161/CIRCEP.119.007586

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