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Health Psychol Rev. 2020 Jan 22:1-19. doi: 10.1080/17437199.2020.1715813. [Epub ahead of print]

Using discrete choice experiments to develop and deliver patient-centered psychological interventions: a systematic review.

Author information

1
Division of Behavioral Medicine and Clinical Psychology, Patient and Family Wellness Center, Cancer and Blood Diseases Institute; Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH, USA.
2
Department of Pediatrics, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, OH, USA.
3
Department of Pediatrics, Child Health Evaluation and Research Center, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.

Abstract

Developing and/or tailoring psychological interventions to align with patient preferences is a critical component of patient-centered care and has the potential to improve patient engagement and treatment outcomes. Discrete choice experiments (DCEs) are a quantitative method of assessing patient preferences that offer numerous strengths (i.e., ability to account for trade-offs), but are not routinely incorporated into health psychology coursework, likely leaving many unaware of the potential benefits of this methodology. To highlight the potential applications of DCEs within health psychology, this systematic review synthesises previous efforts to utilise DCEs to inform the design of patient-centered psychological care, defined as interventions targeting psychological (e.g., depression, anxiety) or behavioural health (e.g., pain management, adherence) concerns. Literature searches were conducted in March 2017 and November 2019 for articles reporting on DCEs using the terms 'discrete choice', 'conjoint', or 'stated preference'. Thirty-nine articles met all inclusion criteria and used DCEs to understand patient preferences regarding psychosocial clinical services (n = 12), lifestyle behaviour change interventions (n = 11), HIV prevention and/or intervention services (n = 10), disease self-management programmes (n = 4), or other interventions (n = 2). Clinical implications as well as limitations and directions for future research are discussed.

KEYWORDS:

Psychological intervention; behavioural intervention; discrete choice experiment

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