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Circ Arrhythm Electrophysiol. 2020 Jan;13(1):e007796. doi: 10.1161/CIRCEP.119.007796. Epub 2020 Jan 14.

Differentiating Atrioventricular Reentry Tachycardia and Atrioventricular Node Reentry Tachycardia Using Premature His Bundle Complexes.

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Department of Cardiac Electrophysiology, St. Vincent Medical Group, Cardiac Electrophysiology, Indianapolis, IL.



Current maneuvers for differentiation of atrioventricular node reentry tachycardia (AVNRT) and atrioventricular reentry tachycardia (AVRT) lack sensitivity and specificity for AVRT circuits located away from the site of pacing. We hypothesized that a premature His complex (PHC) will always perturb AVRT because the His bundle is obligatory to the circuit. Further, AVNRT could not be perturbed by a late PHC (≤20 ms ahead of the His) due to the retrograde His conduction time. Earlier PHCs can advance the AVNRT circuit but only by a quantity less than the prematurity of the PHC.


High-output pacing at the distal His location delivered PHCs. AVRT was predicted when late PHCs perturbed tachycardia or when earlier PHCs led to atrial advancement by an amount equal or greater than the degree of PHC prematurity.


Among the 73 supraventricular tachycardias, the test accurately predicted AVRT (n=29) and AVNRT (n=44) in all cases. Late PHC advanced the circuit in all 29 AVRTs and none of the AVNRTs (sensitivity and specificity, 100%). With earlier PHCs, the degree of atrial advancement was equal or greater than the PHC prematurity in 26/29 AVRTs and none of the AVNRTs (90% sensitivity and 100% specificity). The mean prematurity of the PHC required to perturb AVNRT was 48 ms (range, 28-70 ms) and the advancement less than the prematurity of the PHC (mean, 32 ms; range, 18-54 ms).


The responses to PHCs distinguished AVRT and AVNRT with 100% specificity and sensitivity.


Bundle of His; electrophysiology; tachycardia, supraventricular


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