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Clin Appl Thromb Hemost. 2019 Jan-Dec;25:1076029619888023. doi: 10.1177/1076029619888023.

Differences in Major Bleeding Events Between Patients With Severe Hemophilia A and Hemophilia B: A Nationwide, Population-Based Cohort Study.

Author information

1
Center for Rare Disease and Hemophilia, Taichung Veterans General Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan.
2
Department of Pediatrics, Taichung Veterans General Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan.
3
Department of Industrial Engineering and Enterprise Information, Tunghai University, Taichung, Taiwan.
4
Division of Occupational Medicine, Department of Emergency Medicine, Taichung Veterans General Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan.

Abstract

There has been an ongoing debate as to whether hemophilia A (HA) is more severe than hemophilia B (HB), and there are studies supporting each side of the argument. The study aimed to investigate whether any differences in major bleeding events exist between patients with severe HA and HB. A nationwide, population-based retrospective cohort study using the National Health Insurance Research Database was conducted. We compared 658 patients with severe HA and 137 patients with severe HB without inhibitors from 1997 to 2013, during the period when adult patients older than 18 years old were treated with the on-demand therapy since birth. There was no significant difference between patients with severe HA and HB in the rate of major bleeding events, with an adjusted relative ratio of 0.79 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.36-1.71, P = .548). There was also no significant difference in the incidence rate of major bleeding events between adult patients with HA and HB with the on-demand therapy, and an adjusted hazard ratio (HR) of 0.82 (95% CI: 0.65-1.02). However, patients with HA had a lower incidence rate of intracranial hemorrhage, with an adjusted HR of 0.44 (95% CI: 0.25-0.79). In addition, no significant difference in the frequency of major bleeding events requiring hospitalization between patients with HA and HB was found, P > .05. In conclusion, the study demonstrated that patients with severe HB encountered a similar rate of major bleeding events to those with severe HA.

KEYWORDS:

epidemiology; hemophilia A; hemophilia B; hemorrhage; incidence

PMID:
31928075
DOI:
10.1177/1076029619888023

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