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Chemosphere. 2020 Jan 2;247:125795. doi: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2019.125795. [Epub ahead of print]

Association of low concentrations of pyriproxyfen and spinosad as an environment-friendly strategy to rationalize Aedes aegypti control programs.

Author information

1
Federal University of Uberlândia, Institute of Biotechnology, Umuarama Campus, Avenida Pará, 1720, 38.400-902, Uberlândia, Minas Gerais, Brazil.
2
Federal University of Uberlandia, Institute of Geography, Laboratory of Macroecology and Environmental Health, Santa Monica Campus, Avenida João Naves de Ávila, 2121, 38.408-100, Uberlândia, Minas Gerais, Brazil.
3
Federal University of Uberlândia, Institute of Biotechnology, Umuarama Campus, Avenida Pará, 1720, 38.400-902, Uberlândia, Minas Gerais, Brazil; Federal University of Uberlandia, Institute of Geography, Laboratory of Macroecology and Environmental Health, Santa Monica Campus, Avenida João Naves de Ávila, 2121, 38.408-100, Uberlândia, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Electronic address: boscolli86@hotmail.com.

Abstract

The association of low concentrations of pyriproxyfen and Spinosad, a naturally-occurring insecticide, was evaluated as an environment-friendly strategy to rationalize Aedes aegypti control programs by reducing larvicide consumption, saving financial costs and increasing residual effect against mosquitoes development. Firstly, the ecotoxicological parameters of the mixture was performed on non-target species Daphnia magna and the results confirmed that the low concentrations used in this larvicide mixture were not able to alter the reproductive parameters of chronically exposed microcrustaceans. In contrast, the mixture altered the behavior and development of Aedes aegypti, effectively inhibiting the emergence of adult insects for a long period. The results confirm the hypothesis that even at very low concentrations, the combination of the Spinosad and Pyriproxyfen larvicides offers an opportunity for Aedes aegypti public control programs to be more efficient.

KEYWORDS:

Daphnia magna; Dengue; Ecotoxicology; Environmental health; Pesticides

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