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Human serum antibodies reactive with dietary proteins. IgG subclass distribution.

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University Department of Immunology, Royal Liverpool Hospital, UK.


The isotype distribution of human IgG antibodies reactive with common dietary proteins has been evaluated in sera from adult patients with the irritable bowel syndrome and with bronchial asthma using a solid-phase immunoassay (ELISA). In both these medical disorders, serum antibodies reactive with ovalbumin or gliadin were restricted predominantly to the IgG4 isotype; however, IgG antibodies reactive with bovine milk antigens, notably casein, were often restricted to both the IgG2 and IgG4 isotypes. A similar serum IgG antibody isotype distribution for these dietary protein antigens was also demonstrated in IgG antibody-positive healthy adults. These data amplify the view that production of antibodies of the IgG4 isotype may reflect a normal immune response to dietary protein antigens presented at mucosal surfaces.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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