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Stress Health. 2020 Jan 9. doi: 10.1002/smi.2921. [Epub ahead of print]

The Effect of Progressive Muscle Relaxation on the Postpartum Depression Risk and General Comfort Levels in Primiparas.

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Faculty of Health Sciences, Nursing Department, Aksaray University, Aksaray, Turkey.
Faculty of Health Sciences, Nursing Department, Gazi University, Ankara, Turkey.


In the postpartum period, mode of delivery, planned pregnancy, rapid changes in estrogen and progesterone hormone concentrations, quality of care and environmental conditions affect the postpartum depression and comfort of the women. This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of progressive muscle relaxation (PMR) on the postpartum depression risk and general comfort levels in primiparas. A quasi-experimental design was used with pre-post test and control group. The intervention and control groups consisted of 35 women each. PMR was applied to intervention group for eight weeks. There was a statistically significant difference between Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale pre-test and 3rd follow-up scores of the intervention group (p < 0.05). There was a statistically significant difference between the intervention and control groups in the mean General Comfort Questionnaire scores at the 1st, 2nd and 3rd follow-ups (p < 0.05). Progressive muscle relaxation may be effective on decreasing the postpartum depression risk and increasing general comfort. Progressive muscle relaxation could be administered through home visits to help women in postpartum period cope with their mental health problems after discharge. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.


General comfort; Nursing; Postpartum depression; Postpartum period; Progressive muscle relaxation


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