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Br J Surg. 2020 Feb;107(3):171-190. doi: 10.1002/bjs.11489. Epub 2020 Jan 9.

Guidelines for treatment of umbilical and epigastric hernias from the European Hernia Society and Americas Hernia Society.

Author information

1
Department of Surgery, Zealand University Hospital, Koege, Denmark.
2
Department of Surgery, Lund University, Skåne University Hospital, Malmö, Sweden.
3
Erasmus University Medical Centre, Rotterdam, the Netherlands.
4
Tergooi, Hilversum, the Netherlands.
5
Department of General and Hepatopancreatobiliary Surgery, Ghent University Hospital, Ghent, Belgium.
6
Third Department of Surgery at Motol University Hospital, First and Second Faculty of Medicine at Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic.
7
University of Pennsylvania Health System, Penn Presbyterian Medical Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.
8
New Hanover Regional Medical Center, Wilmington, North Carolina, USA.
9
Department of Surgery, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada.
10
Praxis 3+ Chirurgen, Berlin, Germany.
11
Department of Digestive Surgery, Robert Debré University Hospital, Reims, France.
12
Henares University Hospital, Faculty of Health Sciences, Francisco de Vitoria University, Madrid, Spain.
13
Department of Surgery, OLVG Hospital, Amsterdam, the Netherlands.

Abstract

in English, Spanish

BACKGROUND:

Umbilical and epigastric hernia repairs are frequently performed surgical procedures with an expected low complication rate. Nevertheless, the optimal method of repair with best short- and long-term outcomes remains debatable. The aim was to develop guidelines for the treatment of umbilical and epigastric hernias.

METHODS:

The guideline group consisted of surgeons from Europe and North America including members from the European Hernia Society and the Americas Hernia Society. The Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) approach, the Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network (SIGN) critical appraisal checklists, and the Appraisal of Guidelines for Research and Evaluation (AGREE) instrument were used. A systematic literature search was done on 1 May 2018, and updated on 1 February 2019.

RESULTS:

Literature reporting specifically on umbilical and epigastric hernias was limited in quantity and quality, resulting in a majority of the recommendations being graded as weak, based on low-quality evidence. The main recommendation was to use mesh for repair of umbilical and epigastric hernias to reduce the recurrence rate. Most umbilical and epigastric hernias may be repaired by an open approach with a preperitoneal flat mesh. A laparoscopic approach may be considered if the hernia defect is large, or if the patient has an increased risk of wound morbidity.

CONCLUSION:

This is the first European and American guideline on the treatment of umbilical and epigastric hernias. It is recommended that symptomatic umbilical and epigastric hernias are repaired by an open approach with a preperitoneal flat mesh.

PMID:
31916607
DOI:
10.1002/bjs.11489

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