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Pediatr Emerg Care. 2020 Jan 6. doi: 10.1097/PEC.0000000000001998. [Epub ahead of print]

Clinical Decision Support in the Electronic Medical Record to Increase Rates of Influenza Vaccination in a Pediatric Emergency Department.

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From the Riley Hospital for Children at Indiana University Health.
Indiana University Department of Pediatrics, Indianapolis, IN.



Vaccination against influenza has been shown to decrease the morbidity and mortality from the virus; however, rates remain below the Healthy People 2020 target of 70%. The emergency department (ED) provides a unique opportunity to administer influenza vaccines; however, interventions must be efficient to be successful. During the 2014 to 2015 season, an electronic medical record (EMR) intervention was implemented in an effort to increase influenza vaccination rates.


Using Lean methodology, a multidisciplinary team designed a series of triggers, alerts, and orders in the EMR to address the barriers to adoption and their root causes. The EMR functionality was implemented for the 2014 to 2015 influenza season. Reports on compliance with each EMR step were completed for the 2014 to 2015 and 2015 to 2016 influenza seasons.


In the 2013 to 2014 influenza season, the ED administered 42 doses of the vaccine, representing 0.3% of eligible visits. After implementation of the EMR tool, the ED administered 1320 doses of influenza vaccine. This represents approximately 8.8% of qualified patients based on age group and eventual discharge from the ED. The results were sustained during the 2015 to 2016 influenza season with 1031 doses administered, representing 6% of eligible visits.


The ED influenza vaccination program vaccinated approximately 20 times the number of eligible patients after automated EMR screening and ordering. Using knowledge of a multidisciplinary team, integration into the existing workflow, and visual cues in the EMR, we were able to increase the number of influenza vaccines administered substantially.

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