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J Clin Psychol Med Settings. 2020 Jan 7. doi: 10.1007/s10880-019-09694-4. [Epub ahead of print]

Personality in Combination with Alcohol and Drug Use and Psychiatric Disorders to Predict Psychosocial Characteristics and Behaviors of Hepatitis C Patients.

Sims OT1,2,3,4,5, Oh H6, Pollio DE7,8,9, Hong BA10, Pollio EW11, North CS12,13.

Author information

1
Department of Social Work, College of Arts and Sciences, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 3137 University Hall, 1720 2nd AVE S, Birmingham, AL, 35294-1260, USA. sims.omar@gmail.com.
2
Department of Health Behavior, School of Public Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA. sims.omar@gmail.com.
3
Center for AIDS Research, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA. sims.omar@gmail.com.
4
Integrative Center for Healthy Aging, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA. sims.omar@gmail.com.
5
Center for AIDS Prevention Studies, Division of Prevention Science, Department of Medicine, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA. sims.omar@gmail.com.
6
Department of Social Work, School of Social Sciences & Education, California State University Bakersfield, Bakersfield, CA, USA.
7
Department of Social Work, College of Arts and Sciences, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 3137 University Hall, 1720 2nd AVE S, Birmingham, AL, 35294-1260, USA.
8
Department of Health Behavior, School of Public Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA.
9
Center for AIDS Research, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA.
10
Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, MO, USA.
11
School of Nursing, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA.
12
The Altshuler Center for Education & Research Metrocare Services, Dallas, TX, USA.
13
Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, USA.

Abstract

The objectives of this study were to assess the prevalence of personality disorders and to examine personality as a predictor of psychosocial characteristics and behaviors of HCV patients. HCV patients (nā€‰=ā€‰259) from three infectious disease and liver clinics who completed Cloninger's Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI), an inventory for personality traits, were included in the study. Patients with low scale scores in the character dimension of both cooperativeness and self-directedness (low CO/SD) were defined as having a personality disorder. Using low CO/SD in combination with demographic, psychiatric/substance use, and HCV-related variables, linear regression was used to construct separate models of risky behaviors, quality of life, functioning, burden of illness, and social support. The prevalence of low CO/SD was high in this sample of HCV patients. Low CO/SD was an independent predictor of risky behaviors, quality of life, functioning, and social support.

KEYWORDS:

Alcohol use; Drug use; Hepatitis C; Personality; Prevalence; Psychosocial

PMID:
31907744
DOI:
10.1007/s10880-019-09694-4

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