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JMIR Serious Games. 2020 Jan 6;8(1):e15422. doi: 10.2196/15422.

Using 360-Degree Video as a Research Stimulus in Digital Health Studies: Lessons Learned.

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Center for Communication Science, RTI International, Research Triangle Park, NC, United States.
Multimedia Communication Services, RTI International, Research Triangle Park, NC, United States.


Due to the accessibility of omnidirectional cameras to record 360-degree videos and the technology to view the videos via mobile phones and other devices, 360-degree videos are being used more frequently to place people in different contexts and convey health-related information. Increasingly, 360-degree videos are being employed in health marketing because they have the potential to enhance health-related attitudes and behaviors. As a case study on how this technology may be used for health-related information and its effect on health care providers, we created a 360-degree video that portrays the experience of a migraine sufferer to be used as a stimulus in an online study. We describe the challenges and lessons learned in designing and implementing a 360-degree video as part of an online experiment focused on inducing empathy among clinicians for understanding patient experience. Given the rapid change in digital technology, future research can use this knowledge to design and implement 360-degree video studies more effectively.


360-degree video; empathy; health personnel; medical education; migraine disorders; virtual reality

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