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Biosci Rep. 2020 Jan 31;40(1). pii: BSR20192666. doi: 10.1042/BSR20192666.

The novel testicular enrichment protein Cfap58 is required for Notch-associated ciliogenesis.

Li ZZ1,2, Zhao WL1,2, Wang GS3, Gu NH1, Sun F1,2,3.

Author information

1
International Peace Maternity & Child Health Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200030, China.
2
Shanghai Key Laboratory for Reproductive Medicine, School of Medicine, Institute of Embryo-Feta Original Adult Disease, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200030, China.
3
Institute of Reproductive Medicine, School of Medicine, Nantong University, Nantong 226001, Jiangsu, China.

Abstract

Cilia and flagella are critical organelles with conserved internal structures and diverse developmental and physiological processes according to cell type. Although the core components of structures are shared with thousands of associated proteins involved in cilia or flagella formation, we hypothesized that some unknown proteins, such as outer dense fiber 2 (Odf2/Cenexin) perform distinct functions in these organelles. In the present study, we identified several uncharacterized proteins through mass spectrometry interactome analysis of Odf2/Cenexin proteins. We further examined the expression patterns and functions of a protein named cilia and flagella associated protein 58 (Cfap58) in cultured astrocytes and sperm flagella. The results of a combination of biochemical analyses and drug administration studies reveal that Cfap58 is a testis-enrichment protein that exhibits similar localization to Odf2/Cenexin proteins and is required for the elongation of the primary cilium and sperm midpiece via modulation of the Notch signaling pathway. However, the cell cycle-related functions and localization of Odf2/Cenexin in the mother centriole were not altered in Cfap58 knockdown cells. These findings indicate that Cfap58 may be partially recruited by Odf2/Cenexin proteins and is indispensable for the cilia and flagellar assembly. These data provide us with a better understanding of ciliogenesis and flagellar elongation and may aid in identifying new targets for diseases caused by Notch-mediated ciliopathies and flagellar abnormalities.

KEYWORDS:

centrosomes; cilia; notch signalling pathway

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