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Saudi J Gastroenterol. 2020 Jan 2. doi: 10.4103/sjg.SJG_74_19. [Epub ahead of print]

Health related quality of life among Saudi children and adolescents with celiac disease.

Author information

1
Joint Program of Family and Community Medicine, Minstry of Health, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
2
Department of Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
3
Department of Paediatrics, Paediatric Gastroenterology Unit, Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.

Abstract

Background/Aims:

Celiac disease (CD) is an immune-mediated enteropathy triggered by gluten ingestion in genetically susceptible individuals. This study reports on the quality of life (QOL) of Saudi children and adolescents with CD.

Patients and Methods:

This is a case control study that included Saudi patients with CD, aged 9-18 years, who attended CD Clinic at KAU between February 2017 and July 2018. The study was conducted using the Short-Form (SF-36) questionnaire for all candidates, CD-specific QOL questionnaire for the CD patients group, and CD screen questionnaire for the control group.

Results:

Overall, 354 subjects were studied (111 CD patients and 243 control). Female subjects constituted 56.8% of both patient and control groups. In the generic SF-36 questionnaire, QOL was comparable between patients and controls in all domains except for the general health domain, which showed difference in favor of the controls (55.01 ± 26.41 and 62.96 ± 18.16, P = 0.005). We also found that males have lower QOL scores in the domains comprising health change (P = 0.02), physical functioning (P = 0.04, role functioning/emotional and emotional well-being (P = 0.049). The CD-specific QOL showed excellent and good scores for 79.3% of patients overall in the tested domains. Patients with poor adherence showed poor QOL in all generic (SF-36) domains but not in CD-specific domains.

Conclusion:

The HRQOL for Saudi CD children on GFD is generally comparable to the healthy control with exception of the general health domain. Adherence to the GFD improves the generic (SF-36) QOL domains.

KEYWORDS:

Adherence; Saudi Arabia; celiac; children; quality of life

PMID:
31898646
DOI:
10.4103/sjg.SJG_74_19
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