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Indian J Cancer. 2020 Jan 3. doi: 10.4103/ijc.IJC_421_18. [Epub ahead of print]

Percentage signal intensity recovery: A step ahead of rCBV in DSC MR perfusion imaging for the differentiation of common neoplasms of brain.

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Department of Radiology, Columbia Asia Referral Hospital, Bangalore, Karnataka, India.



Relative cerebral blood volume (rCBV) and percentage signal recovery (PSR) obtained from T2* dynamic susceptibility contrast magnetic resonance imaging are important parameters for brain tumor assessment.


To study the accuracy of PSR in the differentiation of low-grade glioma, high-grade glioma, lymphoma, and metastases particularly in comparison to rCBV.

Settings and Design:

Retrospective observational study.

Subjects and Methods:

Study included pathologically confirmed cases of 10 low-grade glioma, 22 high-grade glioma, 6 lymphoma, and 12 metastases (Total 50). PSR, relative PSR (rPSR), and rCBV were calculated.

Statistical analysis used:

Accuracy of these parameters studied statistically using analysis of variance and ROC (Receiver operating characteristic) curves.


rCBV was higher in metastases (3.45 ± 2.82) and high-grade glioma (3.47 ± 1.62), whereas was low in lymphoma (1.03 ± 0.74) and low-grade glioma (1.43 ± 0.47) with P value of 0.030. PSR was low in metastases (48 ± 16.18), intermediate in glioma (73.24 ± 6.39 and 88.26 ± 6.05, high and low grade), and high in lymphoma (112.16 ± 10.57) with P value < 0.000. rPSR was higher for lymphoma (1.73 ± 0.57) than high-grade glioma (0.85 ± 0.11) and metastasis (0.69 ± 0.19) with P value <.000. Area under ROC for PSR was greater than rCBV in differentiating metastases from lymphoma (1.00 vs 0.13), high-grade glioma from lymphoma (1.00 vs 0.38), high-grade glioma from metastases (0.89 vs 0.58), and high-grade glioma from low-grade glioma (0.96 vs 0.03) with excellent curve characteristics. F values for PSR and rPSR from ANOVA analysis were 71.47 and 36.77, was better than rCBV (3.84) in differentiating these groups.


Percentage of signal recovery shows low recovery values in metastases, intermediate recovery values in glioma, and overshoot in lymphoma. PSR values show lower overlap than rCBV between lymphoma and metastases; and between high grade glioma and metastases. PSR difference is also higher than rCBV between low- and high-grade gliomas. Hence, PSR can potentially help as an additional perfusion parameter in the preoperative differentiation of these tumors.


Brain tumors; MR perfusion; Relative cerebral blood volume; dynamic susceptibility; percentage signal recovery

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