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Asian J Transfus Sci. 2019 Jul-Dec;13(2):79-89. doi: 10.4103/ajts.AJTS_124_18. Epub 2019 Dec 3.

Umbilical cord blood quality and quantity: Collection up to transplantation.

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Department of Hematology, School of Allied Medical Sciences, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Cord Blood Bank, Royan Stem Cell Technology Institute, Tehran, Iran.
Department of Hematology, School of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modarres University, Tehran, Iran.


Umbilical cord blood (UCB) is an attractive source of hematopoietic stem cells for transplantation in some blood disorders. One of the major factors that influence on transplantation fate is cord blood (CB) cell count, in addition to human leukocyte antigen similarity and CD34+ cell number. Here, we review the factors that could effect on quality and quantity of CBUs. Relevant English-language literatures were searched and retrieved from PubMed using the terms: CB, quality, collection, and transplantation. The numbers of total nucleated cells (TNCs) and CD34+ cells are good indicators of CB quality because they have been associated with engraftment; thereby, whatever the TNCs in a CB unit (CBU) are higher, more likely they led to successful engraftment. Many factors influence the quantity and quality of UCB units that collect after delivery. Some parameters are not in our hands, such as maternal and infant factors, and hence, we cannot change these. However, some other factors are in our authority, such as mode of collection, type and amount of anticoagulant, and time and temperature during collection to postthaw CBUs and freeze-and-thaw procedures. By optimizing the CB collection, we can improve the quantity and quality of UCB for storage and increase the likelihood of its use for transplantation.


Cord blood bank; cord blood stem cell transplantation; cryopreservation; hematopoietic stem cell; umbilical cord blood

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