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Am J Epidemiol. 1988 Nov;128(5):1084-101.

Correlates of cognitive function in an elderly community population.

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Channing Laboratory, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA 02115.


In 1982 and 1983, brief, structured performance tests of selected areas of cognitive function were administered to 3,682 (82.1 per cent) of the residents aged 65 years and older of the geographically defined community of East Boston, Massachusetts, a center of the Established Populations for Epidemiologic Studies of the Elderly program. There was a strong inverse relation between age and performance on all four cognitive tests in analyses adjusted for sex only as well as in those adjusted for the effects of other variables. Similarly, fewer years of formal education, increasing level of disability on the modified Katz Activities of Daily Living Scale, and less prestigious occupations, as measured by the modified Duncan Socioeconomic Index, were each independently related to lower performance on all four tests.

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