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Int Marit Health. 2019;70(4):195-201. doi: 10.5603/IMH.2019.0031.

Exposure to fumigants in containers: a questionnaire assessment on 125 French dockers.

Author information

1
French Society of Maritime Medicine (Société Française de Médecine Maritime [SFMM]), Brest, France. d.lucas@metrabrest.com.
2
Translational Toxicology Unit, Institute for Occupational and Maritime Medicine, University Medical Center Hamburg Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany.
3
European Society for Environmental and Occupational Medicine, Berlin, Germany.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Cases of intoxications to gas from container's atmosphere have been described. For diagnosis, Fum Ex 2 questionnaire has been developed by the European Society for Environmental and Occupational Medicine. The aim of this study was to enhance knowledge on health effects of toxic substances in containers and to validate this questionnaire in medical follow-up and diagnosis.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

In 2014, 125 French dockers answered the questionnaire in a face-to-face interview.

RESULTS:

83.5% declared no exposure to fumigants or pesticides. Most frequently declared symptoms were fatigue and neurological disorders for dockers and respiratory irritation for refrigeration technicians. Only 28 workers wore regularly individual protection equipment.

CONCLUSIONS:

A "healthy worker" effect could explain low level of symptoms. Fum Ex 2 questionnaire is relevant for diagnosis. Workers in all steps of the logistic transport chain and consumers are exposed to containers' atmosphere.

KEYWORDS:

container; dockers; fumigants; maritime health; occupational toxicology

PMID:
31891171
DOI:
10.5603/IMH.2019.0031
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