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Internet Interv. 2019 Sep 6;18:100275. doi: 10.1016/j.invent.2019.100275. eCollection 2019 Dec.

Responding to women's needs and preferences in an online program to prevent postpartum depression.

Author information

1
University of California, San Francisco, United States of America.
2
University of California, Los Angeles, United States of America.
3
Palo Alto University, United States of America.

Abstract

Purpose:

Global access to adequate resources to address postpartum depression (PPD) are limited and, at times, not reflective of the needs of pregnant women and new mothers. Gathering information about the preferences and needs of women when designing and implementing Internet-based programs is warranted, especially given the diversity of experiences related to childbirth. Thus, the aim of this study was to obtain user feedback on the content, structural, and cultural factors associated with a fully automated online PPD prevention intervention that, like similar programs, suffered from poor adherence and engagement.

Methods:

Following the completion of the Mothers and Babies Internet Course (eMB), an online prevention of PPD trial, a convenience sampling method was used to invite consenting participants to return to the site. Participants provided anonymous feedback on how to improve and adapt the eMB based on screenshots and video content from the Internet intervention. Demographic information and engagement in the online trial were examined as factors influencing participant responses.

Results:

One hundred nineteen English and Spanish speaking women from 27 countries and territories provided feedback about the eMB. Content-based feedback included requesting additional detail in explanations and simplifying recommended exercises. Structure-based feedback included requests for more visual representations of the materials. In general, participants did not explicitly suggest culturally specific feedback that differed by geographic region, but instead reported similar themes related to motherhood and childrearing. An unexpected finding that only emerged among English-speaking participants was the need for the eMB to address perfectionism and introspection as factors that impact motherhood. Relative to those who did not access the eMB in the parent study, women who did thought the intervention content was acceptable (i.e., no suggested changes) and provided feedback that referenced maternal stress and pregnancy experiences. Age, education, pregnancy status and number of children were not significant factors associated with participants' use of the eMB.

Conclusions:

Findings from this study offer preliminary information about the needs and preferences of an international sample of childrearing women who access automated Internet interventions to manage mood changes during the perinatal period.

KEYWORDS:

Internet interventions; Perinatal; Postpartum depression; Prevention; Spanish-speaking

Conflict of interest statement

The authors do not declare any competing interests regarding this manuscript.

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