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Oxid Med Cell Longev. 2019 Nov 21;2019:7180284. doi: 10.1155/2019/7180284. eCollection 2019.

Synthetic Imine Resveratrol Analog 2-Methoxyl-3,6-Dihydroxyl-IRA Ameliorates Colitis by Activating Protective Nrf2 Pathway and Inhibiting NLRP3 Expression.

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Department of Pharmacology and Cancer Institute of the Second Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou 310058, China.
Department of Chemistry, Zhejiang University, 38 Zheda Road, Hangzhou 310027, China.
Department of Biochemistry and Department of Thoracic Surgery of the First Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou 310058, China.


Resveratrol (RSV) is a naturally occurring polyphenol that exhibits pleiotropic health benefits, including anticolitis and colon cancer-protective activity. Recently, we identified the novel imine RSV analog (IRA), 2-methoxyl-3,6-dihydroxyl-IRA 3,4,5,4-tetramethoxystilbene (C33), as a putative activator of nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2). The present study was designed to evaluate the ability of C33 to activate the Nrf2 signaling pathway and its anticolitis effect in comparison to RSV. The anticolitis action of C33 was assessed in a mouse model of colitis induced by dextran sulfate sodium (DSS). The effect of C33 on the Nrf2 signaling pathway was examined in vitro and in vivo. Compared to RSV, C33 triggered a more dramatic increase in the expression of genes downstream of Nrf2 in LS174T cells as well as in the small intestine and colon of wild-type (WT) mice. Correlated with its superior ability to activate the cytoprotective Nrf2 pathway, C33 was significantly better in ameliorating DSS-induced colitis by improving the inflammation score, as well as downregulating the markers of inflammation in WT mice. Moreover, induction of the NOD-like receptors family pyrin domain containing 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome by colitis was also significantly inhibited by the IRA. Nrf2 knockout completely abolished the effects of C33, indicating that Nrf2 is the important mechanistic target of C33 in vivo. In conclusion, the novel IRA, C33, has stronger anticolitis effects than RSV. Further studies are warranted to evaluate C33 as a potential therapeutic agent for inflammatory bowel disease and cancer chemoprevention.

Conflict of interest statement

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.

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