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Asia Pac J Oncol Nurs. 2019 Dec 10;7(1):6-11. doi: 10.4103/apjon.apjon_46_19. eCollection 2020 Jan-Mar.

Cancer Screening and Prevention in Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgendered Community and Asian Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgendered Members.

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1
School of Nursing, University of Delaware, Newark, DE, USA.
2
School of Nursing, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

Abstract

Participation in cancer screening and prevention (cessation of or reduction in modifiable health risk behaviors) are the most effective methods of reducing cancer morbidity and mortality. Some members of the lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgendered (LGBT) communities have not participated in screening for a variety of reasons which have been explored in the literature. Common and unique behavioral risks are also reviewed. Knowledge about Asian members of the LGBT community participation in cancer screening and prevention is limited. This paper reviews the current literature on participation and barriers to cancer screening and prevention for the LGBT community and provides some insights for the Asian LGBT subcommunity. Potential interventions that have been demonstrated to be effective are presented for potential implementation within nursing practice and practice settings. Suggestions for future research are also provided to enhance the care of the LGBT community.

KEYWORDS:

Health disparities; LGBT; health literacy; prevention; screening

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