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Ind Psychiatry J. 2019 Jan-Jun;28(1):86-97. doi: 10.4103/ipj.ipj_70_18. Epub 2019 Dec 11.

Perceived stress, anxiety, and coping states in medical and engineering students during examinations.

Author information

1
Department of Psychiatry, Santhiram Medical College and General Hospital, Kurnool, Andhra Pradesh, India.
2
Department of Psychiatry, Dr. D. Y. Patil Medical College, Hospital and Research Center, Dr. D. Y. Patil Vidyapeeth, Pune, Maharashtra, India.

Abstract

Aim:

This study aims to study the factors associated with stress, anxiety, and coping states in students of 1st and 2nd year in medical and engineering colleges during examinations.

Materials and Methods:

This prospective, longitudinal study was conducted on 200 undergraduate medical and engineering students from 1st to 2nd year (50 in each year), after obtaining ethical approval from the institutional ethics committee. All the participants gave written informed consent. All students filled a questionnaire which consisted of a general information sheet, perceived stress scale, Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale, brief COPE inventory, and sources of stress questionnaire 1 month before and 1 month after their university examinations. Data were analyzed using t-test, Mann-Whitney U-test, Kruskal-Wallis test, and Chi-square test as appropriate.

Results:

In medical students, perceived stress was significantly higher in those in the management quota (both years), living in shared accommodation and from nuclear family (1st year) and male (2nd year). Only accommodation had a statistically significant relationship with perceived stress in 2nd year engineering students. A statistically significant association of perceived stress and anxiety with academic performance was observed. Anxiety in students was significantly more before the examination compared to after the examination. The association of all the coping strategies used, with the academic performance, was statistically significant.

Conclusions:

In both medical and engineering students, there was a significant association of perceived stress and anxiety with academic performance. Both medical and engineering students used active coping a little more than avoidant coping strategies during the examination time. The association of all the coping strategies used, with the academic performance, was statistically significant, thereby proving the importance of coping states in academic performance.

KEYWORDS:

Anxiety; coping; engineering students; examination; medical students; stress

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