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Phys Rev E. 2019 Nov;100(5-1):053308. doi: 10.1103/PhysRevE.100.053308.

Spectral Galerkin solver for intense beam Vlasov equilibria in nonlinear constant focusing channels.

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Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720, USA.


A numerical method is described for producing stationary solutions of the Vlasov-Poisson system describing a relativistic charged-particle beam in a constant focusing accelerator channel, confined transversely by a general (linear or nonlinear) focusing potential. The method utilizes a variant of the spectral Galerkin algorithm to solve a nonlinear partial differential equation (PDE) in two degrees of freedom for the beam space charge potential in equilibrium. Numerical convergence with an increasing number of computed spectral modes is investigated for several benchmark problems. Preservation of the stationary phase space density is verified using a strongly nonlinear focusing channel based on the Integrable Optics Test Accelerator at Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory.

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