Send to

Choose Destination
J Educ Health Promot. 2019 Nov 29;8:229. doi: 10.4103/jehp.jehp_187_19. eCollection 2019.

Education for working mothers uses leaflet and electronic media to increase exclusive breastfeeding.

Author information

Department of Midwifery, Poltekkes Kemenkes Pontianak, Pontianak, Indonesia.
Department of Environmental Health, Poltekkes Kemenkes Pontianak, Pontianak, Indonesia.



The decrease in coverage of exclusive breastfeeding for mothers who work in Pontianak has an impact on the decline of the baby's immune system. Prevention efforts can be done by increasing knowledge about exclusive breastfeeding tips for mothers who work by providing health education. This study aims to examine the effectiveness of the use of health education media in increasing maternal knowledge about exclusive breastfeeding tips for working mothers.


This is a quasi-experiment study with a nonrandomized design pretest and posttest control group design. The population of nursing mothers who have children aged 0-6 months. The number of samples is 140, which is divided into four groups. Data collection use direct interviews. Respondents filled out the pretest questionnaire to measure knowledge before being given health education. Then, the first group was given treatment in the form of lectures, the second group using leaflets, and the third group was given lectures first then given leaflets. After that, his knowledge was measured again through a posttest. Data analysis were used to determine the increase in the score of knowledge about exclusive breastfeeding tips for mothers who worked on each media used repeated ANOVA and Kruskal-Wallis test, while one-way ANOVA continued with post hoc Bonferroni and Friedman followed by Mann-Whitney test used to compare score differences knowledge on all three media.


there were significant differences in knowledge, before and after being given good health education without media, with leaflets, electronic media, and electronic leaflets before. statistical tests before and after used leaflets and electronic media without media 19.85 (P ≤ 0.001), leaflets without media 8.42 (P ≤ 0.001). Electronic without media at 8.14 (P ≤ 0.001). In the pre- and post-test study, the experimental study was pseudo, 140 individuals with each group 35 individuals.


The most effective method in providing health education to increase the knowledge of breastfeeding mothers about tips on exclusive breastfeeding for working mothers is electronic leaflet media.


Breastfeeding; electronic media; exclusive breastfeeding; knowledge; leaflets; working mothers

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Medknow Publications and Media Pvt Ltd Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center