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J Educ Health Promot. 2019 Nov 29;8:219. doi: 10.4103/jehp.jehp_264_19. eCollection 2019.

A foresight study of factors affecting the health system research and technology.

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Health Management Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Health Human Resources Research Center, School of Management and Information Sciences, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.



The success of the health system research and technology management in the 21st century can play an important role in advancing the country toward becoming a scientific power.


The study aimed to increase knowledge and identify factors affecting the health system research and technology, as well as to provide solutions for improving the status of health science and technology.


This was an applied and descriptive study conducted in 2018 using cross-impact analysis. The factors affecting the Iranian Health System Research and Technology Management and their influences on each other were identified using an expert panel. The key-driven factors were determined using the MICMAC software.


The input, stake, target, resultant, excluded, and regulating factors were identified. The degree of fill rate the matrix was 58.9%. Financial annex of the health scientific map (S = 206), roadmap (S = 206), governmental laws and regulations (S = 198), and sufficient governmental budget allocation (S = 194) earned the highest potential influence scores by 2025. Furthermore, scientific authority (S = 216), international communication (187), university relationship with industries (S = 187), and competitive infrastructure (S = 178) obtained the highest potential dependence scores by 2025.


The success of the Iranian Health System Research and Technology Management by 2025 requires the development of the financial annex of the comprehensive scientific health map, the development of the road map, and the allocation of sufficient governmental budget for health research. Policy-making in health system research and technology management requires more attention to these factors and the dynamics of relationships among factors in the model.


Biomedical technology; Iran; health policy; national health programs; research and development

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