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J Educ Health Promot. 2019 Sep 30;8:181. doi: 10.4103/jehp.jehp_95_19. eCollection 2019.

Learning styles and approaches among medical education participants.

Author information

Department of Community Medicine, Khawaja Muhammad Safdar Medical College, Sialkot, Pakistan.
Department of Public Health, College of Public Health, Imam Abdul Rehman Bin Faisal University, Dammam, KSA.



There are different learning styles adopted by medical education participants. The aim of this study is to investigate which learning styles and approaches are preferred to be learnt by medical students.


It is a cross-sectional study; 320 students were selected through stratified random sampling. Visual, auditory, read/write, and kinesthetic questionnaire was used which measures dimension of learning styles and approaches.


Majority of medical students have preferred (32%) for Kinesthetic modality; 26% for Aural; Visual 21% and Reading/Writing 21%. The majority (53%) preference for Bimodal modality; 41% for Unimodal; 5% for Trimodal and 1% for Multimodal.


Medical education participants commonly used kinesthetic styles, and there is no difference among different year of study; but, in learning approach, multimodal has increased as year of studying increased. It suggests that curriculum of medical education should be revised according to result of research.


Learning; medical education; multimodal; styles; visual

Conflict of interest statement

No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.

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