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Nephrol Dial Transplant. 2019 Dec 20. pii: gfz267. doi: 10.1093/ndt/gfz267. [Epub ahead of print]

The association of microhematuria with mesangial hypercellularity, endocapillary hypercellularity, crescent score and renal outcomes in immunoglobulin A nephropathy.

Author information

1
Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA.
2
Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA.
3
Division of Biomedical Statistics and Informatics, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA.
4
Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Microhematuria is common in immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN). However, current prognostication is based on proteinuria and mesangial hypercellularity, endocapillary hypercellularity, segmental sclerosis, tubulointerstitial fibrosis and crescent (MEST-C) scores.

METHODS:

In this retrospective study, we evaluated whether MEST-C score components are associated with the presence of microhematuria at biopsy and whether the degree of microhematuria during follow-up is associated with change in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), after adjusting for clinical and histological parameters. We identified 125 patients with biopsy-proven IgAN and MEST-C scoring who were not on immunosuppressive therapy at biopsy. Microhematuria was defined as ≥3 red blood cells (RBCs)/high-power field (hpf).

RESULTS:

Of the 125 patients, 97 had microhematuria at baseline and were more likely to have M1, E1 and C ≥ 1 lesions (P < 0.05 for all) compared with patients without microhematuria. Of the 125 patients, 72 had follow-up data available. An increase in the degree of microhematuria was significantly associated with an eGFR decline of -0.81 mL/min/1.73 m2 [95% confidence interval (CI) -1.44 to -0.19, P = 0.01], after adjusting for follow-up time, proteinuria and T score. Severe microhematuria (≥21 RBCs/hpf) was associated with an even larger decline in eGFR (-3.99 mL/min/1.73 m2; 95% CI -6.9411 to -1.0552, P = 0.008), after similar adjustments.

CONCLUSION:

Degree of microhematuria during follow-up is an independent predictor of eGFR decline after adjusting for clinical and histological parameters. Therefore, monitoring the degree of microhematuria as well as proteinuria is important when evaluating patients with IgAN. Additional studies using improvement in microhematuria as a primary surrogate outcome are needed.

KEYWORDS:

IgA nephropathy; MEST-C score; microhematuria; proteinuria

PMID:
31859353
DOI:
10.1093/ndt/gfz267

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