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J Dent Res Dent Clin Dent Prospects. 2019 Summer;13(3):200-207. doi: 10.15171/joddd.2019.031. Epub 2019 Oct 7.

Evaluation of the effect of different surface treatments on the bond strength of non-precious alloy‒ceramic interface: An SEM study.

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Department of Prosthodontics and Crown & Bridge, Asst. Professor Sharad Pawar Dental College and Hospital Sawangi, Wardha.
Department of Prosthodontics and Crown & Bridge, Professor Sharad Pawar Dental College and Hospital Sawangi, Wardha.
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Asst. Professor Government Medical Hospital, Nagpur.


Background. Dental porcelain has excellent esthetics in combination with biocompatibility and is one of the most commonly used restorative materials. Its low tensile strength remains a major drawback. The porcelain-fused-to-metal restorations have been introduced to increase the fracture resistance of dental porcelain. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of different surface treatments on the bond strength of a non-precious alloy to ceramic. Methods. The present cross-sectional observational study was conducted with forty samples of cobalt‒chromium that were fabricated with porcelain interposed between the two metal test pieces. The metal was subjected to combinations of different surface treatments. The samples group A (n=10) were not subjected to any surface treatments. Group B samples underwent sandblasting and surface grinding. Group C samples were subjected to sandblasting, surface grinding and degassing; and group D samples underwent sandblasting, surface grinding, ultrasonic cleaning and degassing. The tensile bond strength was measured in a universal testing machine, and a scanning electron microscope (SEM) was used to obtain images of the samples after surface treatment to determine the surface irregularities and after the debonding of the samples for the type of the bond failure. ANOVA was used for the statistical analysis. Results. The results showed significant variations in the tensile bond strength between the four groups (F=251.05, P=0.000). The SEM images of group A showed no surface irregularities; group C samples exhibited surface irregularities more than those in group B. Group D had the highest surface irregularities. SEM evaluations showed a statistically significant difference in the type of bond failure (P<0.001). Conclusion. Based on the results of this study, it can be concluded that the surface treatments on the metal increased the bond strength of the metal‒ceramic interface significantly. A combination of sandblasting, surface grinding and ultrasonic cleaning, followed by degassing, resulted in the highest tensile bond strength.


Bond failure; degassing; metal ceramic restorations; sandblasting; scanning electron microscope; surface grinding; ultrasonic cleaning

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