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J Dent Res Dent Clin Dent Prospects. 2019 Summer;13(3):183-191. doi: 10.15171/joddd.2019.029. Epub 2019 Oct 7.

Evaluation of the clinical efficacy of 1.2% atorvastatin in the treatment of periodontal intraosseous defects by CBCT: A randomized controlled clinical trial.

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1
Department of Periodontics & Implantology, VSPM Dental College and Research Centre, Nagpur, India.

Abstract

Background. Atorvastatin (ATV), which belongs to the statin class of drugs, is the formidable inhibitor of 3-hydroxy-2- methyl-glutaryl coenzyme A reductase. This clinical trial evaluated and compared the clinical and radiographic changes in chronic periodontitis (CP) patients, obtained through 1.2% ATV as an adjunct to scaling and root planing (SRP) in the treatment of intraosseous defects. Methods. Twenty CP patients, with a minimum of one pair of bilateral intraosseous, were randomly selected for this splitmouth study. Group 1 included 20 sites treated with SRP and subgingival delivery of a placebo gel, whereas an equal number of sites in group 2 were treated by SRP along with subgingival delivery of 1.2% ATV gel. The plaque index (PI), modified sulcus bleeding index (mSBI), probing pocket depth (PPD) and clinical attachment level (CAL) were evaluated at baseline and 3- and 6-month intervals, while the intraosseous defect was assessed at baseline and 6-month interval using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). Paired t-test was used to determine statistical significance. Results. A greater reduction in the mean PPD and gain in CAL was found in group 2 compared to group 1 at 3- and 6-month intervals. Furthermore, a significantly greater bone fill was obtained in group 2 (1.70±0.54 mm) compared to group 1 (0.22±0.43 mm) after six months. Conclusion. ATV, as an adjunct to SRP, enhanced periodontal regeneration, as a noninvasive way to treat periodontal intraosseous defects.

KEYWORDS:

CBCT; intrabony defects; periodontal regeneration; periodontitis; scaling and root planing

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