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Indian J Ophthalmol. 2020 Jan;68(1):54-57. doi: 10.4103/ijo.IJO_623_19.

Etiological causes and epidemiological characteristics of patients with occupational corneal foreign bodies: A prospective study in a hospital-based setting in India.

Author information

1
Department of Community Ophthalmology, Arunodaya Deseret Eye Hospital, Gurgaon, Haryana, India.
2
Department of Ophthalmology, Universoty of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia.

Abstract

Purpose:

Corneal foreign bodies (CFBs) due to occupational exposure have been largely ignored in Indian literature, especially nonmetal workers. Our study looks at a broad range of occupations and settings that contribute to CFB in our local Indian population.

The study objective was to:

determine the occupations, level of education and demographics of patients presenting with CFB acquired during occupational work.

Methods:

Prospective hospital-based study at a tertiary eye hospital in Gurgaon, Haryana, India, within duration of 9 months. Patients presenting with CFB were asked a set of questions relating to their occupation, level of education, understanding of the potential complications of CFB, and demographics.

Results:

A total of 83 patients were included in the study. CFB were attributed only to males. 66% of patients were in the age group of 14--29 years. 30% of patients were in the age group 30--44 years and 4% of patients were between 45 and 60 years old. The metal work industry was responsible for 47% of presentations. The construction industry was responsible for 27% of presentations. Electricians and carpenters combined were responsible for 10% of presentations and 17% of presentations occurred in other sectors.

Conclusion:

CFB occur across a number of occupations in the construction industry, not just metallic workers. Among a population that is generally poorly educated and have nominal understanding of the impact that CFB can have on vision, occupational hazard education is necessary to address this problem.

KEYWORDS:

Corneal foreign body; corneal trauma; foreign body; metallic foreign body; occupational injury

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