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Mol Biol (Mosk). 1988 Jul-Aug;22(4):1015-25.

[Morphometric study of nucleolus-organizing regions of chromosomes from swine embryo kidney cells during Go-, G2-period and mitosis].

[Article in Russian]

Abstract

Quantitative characteristics of nucleolus-organizing regions of chromosomes (NORs, or fibrillar centers, FCs) and some other nucleolar components have been studied with the aid of complete series of ultrathin sections of PK-cells. It has been found that: 1) the number of FCs per cell in the G0-period, in the G2-period and at metaphase is equal to 7.0, 33.7 and 8.0, respectively; 2) volumes of individual FCs in the G0-period (0.033 micron 3), G2-period (0.014 micron 3) and at metaphase (0.025 micron 3) are different; 3) the total volume of FCs, calculated for a haploid set of chromosomes, do not differ in the G0 (0.105 micron 3) and G2 (0.107 micron 3) periods, but exceed twice the FCs volume at metaphase (0.04-0.05 micron 3). These data show that the activation and inactivation of ribosomal genes in interphase PK-cells are not accompanied by a change in the total volumes of FCs and are probably connected with the "fragmentation" and fusion of FCs. Complete inactivation of ribosomal genes at mitosis leads to a decrease in the total volumes of FCs; 4) the nucleolus volume is proportional to the volume of the dense fibrillar RNP-component; in the G2-period the nucleolus volume also correlates with the number of FCs (r = 0.99); 5) the volume of the dense fibrillar component within individual fibrillar complexes--the structures corresponding to one nucleolus-organizing region--is not constant. This is an indirect evidence for the differences in the functional activity of NORs of different chromosomes.

PMID:
3185528
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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