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Medicine (Baltimore). 2019 Dec;98(50):e18232. doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000018232.

Characteristics of a cohort of high-risk men who have sex with men on pre-exposure prophylaxis reporting transgender sexual partners.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine, University of California, San Diego.
2
Department of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles.
3
Division of HIV Medicine, Lundquist Institute for Biomedical Innovation at Harbor-UCLA Medical Center.
4
Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Diego, CA, USA.

Abstract

Transgender people continue to be at high-risk for HIV acquisition, but little is known about the characteristics of their sexual partners. To address this gap, we examined sociodemographic and sexual characteristics of cisgender men who have sex with men (MSM) on pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) reporting transgender sexual partners.A cohort of 392 MSM in southern California in a randomized clinical trial for PrEP adherence were followed from 2013 to 2016. Multivariable generalized estimating equation and logistic models identified characteristics of MSM reporting transgender sexual partners and PrEP adherence.Only 14 (4%) MSM reported having transgender sexual partners. MSM were more likely to report transgender partners if they were African American, had incident chlamydia, reported injection drug-using sexual partners, or received items for sex. Most associations remained significant in the multivariable model: African American (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] 11.20, P = .01), incident chlamydia (AOR 3.71, P = .04), and receiving items for sex (AOR 5.29, P = .04). There were no significant differences in PrEP adherence between MSM reporting transgender partners and their counterpart.MSM who report transgender sexual partners share characteristics associated with individuals with high HIV prevalence. Identifying this group distinct from larger cohorts of MSM could offer new HIV prevention opportunities for this group of MSM and the transgender community.

PMID:
31852085
PMCID:
PMC6922495
DOI:
10.1097/MD.0000000000018232
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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