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Zookeys. 2019 Dec 2;893:51-67. doi: 10.3897/zookeys.893.38445. eCollection 2019.

Jawless land snail Sinorachis, a new bradybaenine genus from China (Eupulmonata, Camaenidae).

Author information

1
School of Life Sciences, Nanjing University, Xianlindadao 163, Qixia, Nanjing 210023, China Nanjing University Nanjing China.
2
College of Food Science and Engineering, Wuhan Polytechnic University, Wuhan 430023, China Wuhan Polytechnic University Wuhan China.
3
Design Team of Forest Inventory and Planning of Lichuan, Lichuan 445400, Hubei, China Design Team of Forest Inventory and Planning of Lichuan Lichuan China.

Abstract

in English, Chinese

A new land snail species that represents a new genus is reported from Hubei, China. The snail has a conical shell with pits and/or granules on embryonic whorls and a smooth teleoconch with straight peristome. The head of the animal has a developed wart. The mantle lobe is only developed on the left side. At the front of the buccal mass there is no chitinous jaw that is without exception seen in Chinese camaenids. Its radular teeth are usually slender and tongue-shaped, not typical in bradybaenine snails. The genital system is typical of Bradybaeninae and is characterized by the absence of a membranous sac surrounding the terminal genitalia, penial caecum or flagellum; a well-developed penis sheath; a symmetrical dart sac apparatus; and one distally branched mucous gland. The new species Sinorachis baihu Wu & Chen, gen. and sp. nov., is assigned to the type species of the new genus, in which all the known Chinese Rachis species are included. Thereby, the new genus is composed of three species, namely Sinorachis onychinus (Heude), comb. nov., Sinorachis aureus (Heude), comb. nov. and the new species.

KEYWORDS:

Bradybaeninae ; Enoidea ; Hubei; taxonomy

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