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Life Sci. 2020 Jan 15;241:117174. doi: 10.1016/j.lfs.2019.117174. Epub 2019 Dec 13.

Emerging evidence for the roles of peptide in hypertrophic scar.

Author information

1
Department of Dermatology, Women's Hospital of Nanjing Medical University (Nanjing Maternity and Child Health Care Hospital), 123rd Tianfei Street, Mochou Road, Nanjing 210004, China.
2
Department of Dermatology, Women's Hospital of Nanjing Medical University (Nanjing Maternity and Child Health Care Hospital), 123rd Tianfei Street, Mochou Road, Nanjing 210004, China. Electronic address: lixuedm@163.com.
3
Nanjing Maternal and Child Health Medical Institute, Women's Hospital of Nanjing Medical University (Nanjing Maternity and Child Health Care Hospital), 123rd Tianfei Street, Mochou Road, Nanjing 210004, China. Electronic address: drlijingyun@163.com.

Abstract

Hypertrophic scar is a dermal fibroproliferative disorder characterized by excess collagen deposition. There are many existing treatment modalities, but none works perfectly in all individuals. Recently, evidence is increasing that peptides can play crucial roles in the prevention or treatment of hypertrophic scar. The peptides may be derived from growth factors, hormones, and intracellular products of proteolysis. In vitro and in vivo studies have revealed that a number of peptides, usually topically applied, have beneficial effects on fibroblasts in rat, mouse, hamster, pig and rabbit scar models. The length of such peptides typically ranges between 10 and 15 amino acids (aa). Peptides may reduce scar progenitors, prevent excessive scarring, decrease scar growth, speed re-epithelialization and promote scar maturation through multiple mechanisms. They may target TGF-β signaling, fibroblast function or collagen modulation, inflammation, renin angiotensin system, gap junction and other pathways. However, there is a paucity of evidence regarding specific binding sites for these peptides in scar models. Here, we review current research progress on the roles of peptides and underlying mechanisms in hypertrophic scar. We also discuss the clinical potential of peptides as therapeutic agents in scarring. Finally, the functions of several peptide-related compounds in hypertrophic scar are summarized.

KEYWORDS:

Amine; Collagen; Fibroblast; Gap junction; Hypertrophic scar; Inflammation; Peptide; Renin angiotensin system; TGF-β

PMID:
31843531
DOI:
10.1016/j.lfs.2019.117174
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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