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Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2019;28(4):754-760. doi: 10.6133/apjcn.201912_28(4).0012.

Higher serum magnesium concentration is associated with lower hearing thresholds and risk of hearing loss among a Chinese population.

Author information

1
Medical School, Hangzhou Normal University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, People's Republic of China.
2
Medical School, Hangzhou Normal University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, People's Republic of China. lwxu2006@163.com.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES:

Hearing loss is a sensory impairment caused by genetic and environmental factors. Previous epidemiological studies of magnesium intake and hearing loss have yielded conflicting results.

METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN:

We investigated the association between serum magnesium concentrations and hearing loss in a population from the Zhejiang region of China. A cross-sectional study of 3,267 participants aged 18 years and older from five hospitals was conducted from October 2016 to May 2018. An audiometric examination was conducted, and hearing thresholds were computed as pure-tone averages (PTAs) at speech (0.5, 1, 2, and 4 kHz) and high frequencies (3, 4, and 6 kHz). Magnesium concentrations were measured using an inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometer.

RESULTS:

A linear regression analysis revealed a negative association between magnesium levels and hearing losses from lower to high PTAs. After the adjustment of potential confounders, participants in the highest magnesium quartile had a lower PTA (quartile 4: -1.89%; 95% confidence interval (CI: -3.07 to -0.701); p=0.022) and high PTA (quartile 4: -3.05%; 95% CI: -4.64 to -1.46; p=0.005) than those in the lowest quartile. A logistic regression analysis showed a dose-dependent reduction in the odds of high frequency hearing loss across magnesium quartiles. In model 3, after adjusting for all potential confounders, participants with the highest magnesium quartiles had a 54.0% (OR: 0.460; 95% CI: 0.339-0.587) reduction in the odds of high-frequency hearing loss.

CONCLUSIONS:

Higher whole blood levels of magnesium in this population were associated with lower hearing thresholds and risk of hearing loss.

PMID:
31826373
DOI:
10.6133/apjcn.201912_28(4).0012
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