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J Cardiovasc Thorac Res. 2019;11(4):322-324. doi: 10.15171/jcvtr.2019.53. Epub 2019 Oct 31.

Sinus venosus atrial septal defect presenting with brain abscess in a 33-year-old man.

Author information

1
Department of Cardiology, School of Medicine, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran.
2
Department of Neurosurgery, School of Medicine, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran.
3
Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Health Research Institute, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran.

Abstract

This study aimed to present a case of 33-year old man who was admitted with a history of one week headache and acute diplopia. No important finding was reported in his past medical history. Brain CT-scan revealed a large mass lesion in left parieto-occipital area with prominent vasogenic edema and midline shift. Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed a mass with size of 5*4*5 centimeter with ring enhancement. After cranial surgery and removing the mass, transthoracic and transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) were conducted to find the source of brain abscess. Right ventricular (RV) and right atrial (RA) enlargement, significant left to right shunt, normal left ventricular (LV) and RV function, bidirectional shunt in addition to moderate size superior sinus venosus type atrial septal defect (ASD) were detected. Considering that most of brain abscesses have hematogenous source, a complete cardiac evaluation including TEE with contrast study is suggested for evaluation of patients with brain abscess.

KEYWORDS:

Atrial Septal Defect; Brain Abscess; Echocardiography; Transesophageal

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