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Ann Afr Med. 2019 Oct-Dec;18(4):196-199. doi: 10.4103/aam.aam_19_19.

Pattern of limb amputations in Liberia.

Author information

Department of Surgery, John F. Kennedy Memorial Hospital, Monrovia, Liberia.
Department of Surgery, John F. Kennedy Memorial Hospital, Monrovia, Liberia; Orthopaedic Unit, Department of Surgery, Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria.


in English, French


Amputation is one of the oldest known surgical procedures. It has been one of the modalities of applying judgment and treatment. Its method and indications has evolved over time. Modern amputation is regarded as a part of treatment rather than failure of treatment. Amputation is the removal of a limb or part of a limb through on or more bone. When through a joint is referred to as disarticulation. Data on the profile and pattern of amputation in Liberia will add to the body of knowledge.

Aim and Objectives:

Is to describe the pattern of limb of amputations in Liberia. Also to describe the anatomical variations of limb amputations in Liberia.

Patients and Method:

A retrospective study of all patients that underwent limb amputation surgeries in the John F Kennedy Memorial (JFK M), Hospital , Monrovia Liberia between January 2010 to December 2015.


100 patients had limb amputations between 2010 and 2015. Males(73) to female(27) ratio were 2.4:1. The age range was 9 - 91 years. Mean age was 42.9 years. The indications for amputations were Trauma 24%, Diabetes 29%, Gangrene (6%), Chronic ulcer (25%), Tumour (5%). Below knee(47%), Above Knee(45%), Below elbow(2%), Above Elbow(2%), Knee Disarticulation(2%), and Big Toe Disarticulation(2%).


The profile of Limb amputation in Liberia is not very different from what is obtaining in the region. However the limitations of histology and other investigative procedure have affected the accurate diagnosis of certain conditions like tumours.


Liberia; limb amputation; pattern

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