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Zhongguo Zhen Jiu. 2019 Dec 12;39(12):1289-93. doi: 10.13703/j.0255-2930.2019.12.009.

[Effect of acupoint stimulation on the quality of recovery in patients with radical thyroidectomy under the concept of enhanced recovery after surgery: a randomized controlled trial].

[Article in Chinese]

Author information

1
Department of Anesthesiology, First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou 325000, Zhejiang Province, China.
2
Department of Anesthesiology, First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou 325000, Zhejiang Province, China; Wencheng County People's Hospital, Wenzhou 325000, Zhejing Province.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To observe the effect of acupoint stimulation on the quality of recovery in patients with radical thyroidectomy under the concept of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS).

METHODS:

A total of 62 patients with radical thyroidectomy were randomized into an observation group and a control group, 31 cases in each one. In both of the two groups, general anesthesia with tracheal intubation was applied, the same anesthesia induction and maintenance medication were given. In the observation group, auricular point pressing with magnetic beads was adopted at bilateral shenmen (TF4) and transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation (dilatational wave, 2 Hz/100 Hz in frequency, 6 to 12 mA) was performed at bilateral Hegu (LI 4) and Neiguan (PC 6) from 30 min before anesthesia induction to the end of the anesthesia. In the control group, medical adhesive plaster was pasted at bilateral shenmen (TF4) and the electrodes were plastered at bilateral Hegu (LI 4) and Neiguan (PC 6) with no corresponding stimulation. In both of the two groups, visual analogue scale for anxiety (VAS-A) score was observed to evaluate the anxiety severity before anesthesia induction; the total intraoperative dosages of sufentanil, remifentanil and propofol were recorded; the numerical rating scale (NRS) score was used to assess the pain severity of instant time (T0) and 30 min (T1) of entering post-anesthesia recovery room (PACU), motor and static mode at 2 h (T2), 6 h (T3), 12 h (T4), 24 h (T5) after surgery; time of first anal exhaust, time of getting out of bed after surgery, total hospitalization time and the incidences of postoperative nausea and vomiting were observed; the quality of recovery was assessed by the 40-item quality of recovery score (QoR-40).

RESULTS:

The VAS-A score and the total intraoperative dosage of remifentanil in the observation group were reduced compared with the control group (P<0.05). The NRS scores at T0-T4 in the observation group were lower than those in the control group (P<0.01, P<0.05), while the difference between the two groups in NRS score at T5 was not significant (P>0.05). The time of first anal exhaust and getting out of bed after surgery in the observation group were advanced than those in the control group (P<0.05), there was no significant difference between the two groups in total hospitalization time and incidences of postoperative nausea and vomiting (P>0.05). Compared with the control group, the QoR-40 score was increased in the observation group (P<0.05).

CONCLUSION:

Acupoint stimulation can improve the preoperative anxiety in patients with radical thyroidectomy, reduce the intraoperative anesthetic dosage and postoperative pain, advance the time of anal exhaust and getting out of bed, improve the quality of postoperative recovery and enhance the recovery process.

KEYWORDS:

acupoint stimulation; auricular point pressing with magnetic beads; ehanced recovery after surgery (ERAS); quality of postoperative recovery; radical thyroidectomy; randomized controlled trial (RCT); transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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