Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Rev Esp Cardiol (Engl Ed). 2019 Dec 4. pii: S1885-5857(19)30340-8. doi: 10.1016/j.rec.2019.11.001. [Epub ahead of print]

Intravascular ultrasound or optical coherence tomography-defined anatomic severity and hemodynamic severity assessed by coronary physiologic indices.

[Article in English, Spanish]

Author information

1
Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Heart Vascular Stroke Institute, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
2
Department of Internal Medicine and Cardiovascular Center, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Korea; Institute on Aging, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea. Electronic address: bkkoo@snu.ac.kr.
3
Department of Internal Medicine and Cardiovascular Center, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES:

Fractional flow reserve or instantaneous wave-free ratio has become a standard criterion for revascularization. We sought to evaluate the association between intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) or optical coherence tomography (OCT)-derived quantitative plaque characteristics and the severity of physiologic stenosis.

METHODS:

A total of 365 stenoses from 330 patients were evaluated. The association between IVUS or OCT-derived parameters and resting physiologic indices (instantaneous wave-free ratio, resting full-cycle ratio, and diastolic pressure ratio) and fractional flow reserve were explored.

RESULTS:

Among the total number of lesions, 50.7% and 58.1% showed an instantaneous wave-free ratio ≤ 0.89 and fractional flow reserve ≤ 0.80, respectively. IVUS or OCT-derived parameters showed significant correlations with resting physiologic indices (P values <.005). The best cutoff values of IVUS minimum lumen area (MLA), plaque burden, OCT-MLA, and OCT-area stenosis to predict functional significance were the same (IVUS-MLA: 3.4 mm2, plaque burden: 72.0%, OCT-MLA: 2.0 mm2, OCT-area stenosis: 68.0%) for all resting physiologic indices (instantaneous wave-free ratio, resting full-cycle ratio, and diastolic pressure ratio). The best cutoff values for fractional flow reserve were an IVUS-MLA of 3.8 mm2, plaque burden of 70.0%, OCT-MLA of 2.3 mm2, and OCT-area stenosis of 65.0%. Regardless of IVUS or OCT-derived parameters, the overall diagnostic accuracies of the parameters were lower than 70% and discrimination indices were less than 0.75 for resting physiologic indices or fractional flow reserve.

CONCLUSIONS:

The resting physiologic indices showed an identical relationship with IVUS or OCT-defined quantitative plaque characteristics. The diagnostic accuracy and discrimination ability of anatomical parameters were modest in predicting functional significance defined by resting and hyperemic invasive physiologic indices. This trial is registered at ClinicalTrials.gov (Identifier: NCT03795714).

KEYWORDS:

Coronary artery disease; Diastolic pressure ratio; Ecocardiografía intravascular; Enfermedad arterial coronaria; Fractional flow reserve; Instantaneous wave-free ratio; Intravascular ultrasound; Ischemia; Isquemia; Relación de ciclo completo en reposo; Relación de presión diastólica; Relación instantánea de onda libre; Reserva fraccional de flujo; Resting full-cycle ratio

PMID:
31812517
DOI:
10.1016/j.rec.2019.11.001

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Ediciones Doyma, S.L.
Loading ...
Support Center