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J Educ Health Promot. 2019 Oct 24;8:211. doi: 10.4103/jehp.jehp_163_19. eCollection 2019.

Effectiveness of flipped classroom as a teaching-learning method among undergraduate medical students - An interventional study.

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Department of Pharmacology, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, KLE Academy of Higher Education and Research, Belagavi, Karnataka, India.
Department of Community Medicine, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, KLE Academy of Higher Education and Research, Belagavi, Karnataka, India.



Attempts to put the available teaching-learning time to better use and address the needs of students by increasing active involvement led to the evolution of the flipped classroom (FC). It involves providing study resources for students to use outside the class so that class time is freed up for instructional activities. This study was done to assess the effectiveness of flipped classroom activity as a teaching-learning method.


In this interventional study, 98 students were divided into two batches of flipped class and conventional small group teaching (SGT). An online Google group was created for the batch of FC. Brief introduction and prerecorded videos related to the assigned topic were posted in the Google group. Discussion was carried out in the form of solving cases and problem-solving exercises. Pretest and posttest were conducted at each session, and an end of module test was conducted for both the groups.


There was a significant difference between the pre- and posttest scores and also the mean scores of summative test between two groups (P < 0.001). The perception of the students regarding FC was also evaluated. Eighty-two percent strongly agreed that FC was more engaging and interesting in comparison to traditional class. Seventy-six percent strongly agreed that more such classes should be conducted in the future.


Flipped classroom improved the student performance and learning experience effectively as compared to conventional SGT, and students' response was also largely positive.


Effectiveness; flipped class; medical students; students’ perception

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