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Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1988 Nov;(236):36-43.

Functional comparison of posterior cruciate-retained versus cruciate-sacrificed total knee arthroplasty.

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Rancho Los Amigos Medical Center, Downey, California.


Gait of 11 patients with bilateral paired posterior cruciate-retaining and cruciate-sacrificing total knee arthroplasties (TKA) was studied preoperatively and two years postoperatively on walking and stair climbing. Five-year clinical and roentgenographic examinations were included in the study. Differences between the two prostheses were noted both in level walking and in stair climbing. On level walking, cruciate-sacrificed TKA had more flexion in loading response and increased flexion and varus moments with increased muscle activity of quadriceps and biceps femoris. Abnormal gaits common to both types of knee were decreased flexion in stance and decreased single-limb stance. Both knees had a stiff-legged gait during stance. On stairs, the cruciate-sacrificed TKA substituted soleus muscle activity for knee stability. The single-limb stance and range of motion were similar for both knees. In clinical terms, the cruciate-sacrificed TKA is less efficient and has greater medial loading and higher joint reaction forces that may affect durability of the prosthesis. The five-year knee scores, patient satisfaction, and roentgenographic examinations were equal for both sets of knees.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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