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Natl J Maxillofac Surg. 2019 Jul-Dec;10(2):253-256. doi: 10.4103/njms.NJMS_73_18. Epub 2019 Nov 12.

Eagle's syndrome mimicking dental pain: A case report with a novel surgical approach.

Author information

1
Department of OMFS, Saraswati Dental College and Hospital, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India.
2
Department of OMFS, Awadh Dental College and Hospital, Jamshedpur, Jharkhand, India.

Abstract

PAIN in the craniofacial and neck region can be both intriguing and equally frustrating for the surgeon. This is principally because there is a multitude of related pain syndromes in this region, many of which are lacking in physical signs. Diagnosis then becomes even more dependent on an accurate description of the pain in terms of character, localization, duration, radiation, relieving and exacerbating factors. Familiarity and identification of a more obscure causative factor in a particular case lends itself not only to liberate the patient but also an increased awareness of the practitioner for the need to consider the coinciding minute diagnostic points of otolaryngology, ophthalmology and rhinology besides dentistry and oral surgery. The characteristic elongation of a styloid process may explain some occasions of pharyngeal, ear pain and sometimes headache, which have defied exhaustive diagnostic studies. A large spectrum of signs and symptoms has been mentioned in various reports of Eagle's syndrome. Diagnosis can be made with careful clinical evaluation and confirmed with radiographs showing an elongated styloid process or calcification of the stylohyoid complex. Styloidectomy is the procedural choice for Eagle's syndrome having high success rate. In our case, the intraoral approach for styloidectomy was not the routine one, for which the post-operative outcome was exceptionally good without any complications.

KEYWORDS:

Eagle's syndrome; orofacial pain; stylohyoid complex; styloid process; styloidectomy

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